Idaho Sch. for Equal Educ. Opportunity v. State of Idaho, 132 Idaho 559, 976 P.2d 913 (Idaho 1998).

The Idaho Supreme Court held that the "thorough" system of public, free, common schools mandated by the State Constitution includes “facilities that offer a safe environment conducive to learning” and reversed the trial court’s summary judgment dismissing plaintiffs’ claim that the level of school facilities funding provided by the state was constitutionally inadequate. While ruling in favor of plaintiffs on their claim based on the constitutional requirement of a “thorough” system of free common schools, the Idaho Supreme Court rejected their claim based on the requirement of a “uniform” school system, ruling that the state’s funding formula, which provided for equalization of funding for operation and maintenance needs of schools but not capital expenditure needs, was not unconstitutional.

Idaho Sch. for Equal Educ. Opportunity v. Evans, 123 Idaho 573, 850 P.2d 724 (Idaho 1993).

The Idaho Supreme Court ruled that citizen/taxpayer plaintiffs lacked standing to claim that the state’s school funding system did not provide a “thorough system of public, free common schools,” as they challenged the amount of funding provided for schools rather than the method of raising that funding, and they, as taxpayers, had not suffered a "distinct palpable injury" as a result of the alleged lack of school funding. 123 Idaho at 584.


Thompson v. Engelking, 96 Idaho 793, 537 P.2d 635 (Idaho 1975).

The Idaho Supreme Court held that the state’s school financing system, which relied heavily on ad valorem property tax and resulted in differences in amounts raised and spent per pupil among the several districts because of differences in assessed valuations of the districts, did not violate the state constitutional requirements of a uniform system of public schools and equal protection of the law.