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RUTGERS-NEWARK

INSTITUTE ON EDUCATION LAW AND POLICY

BIBLIOGRAPHY -- SCHOOL FINANCE

(Updated 4/27/2006)


Jacob E. Adams Jr., School Finance Reform and Systematic School Change: Reconstituting Kentucky's Public Schools, 18 J. Educ. Fin. 318 (1993).

Michael F. Addonizio, Equality or Choice? School Finance Reform and the Income‑Expenditure Relationship, 23 J. Educ. Fin. 22 (1997).

Michael F. Addonizio, Michigan's High Wire Act, 20 J. Educ. Fin. 235 (1995).

Kern Alexander & Richard G. Salmon, Public School Finance (Allyn and Bacon, 1995).

David J. Armor, Facts and Fictions About Education in the Sheff Decision, 29 Conn. L. Rev. 981 (1997).

Jonathan Banks, State Constitutional Analyses of Public School Finance Reform Cases: Myth or Methodology? 45 Vand. L. Rev. 129 (1991).

Charles S. Benson, Definitions of Equity in School Finance in Texas, New Jersey, and Kentucky; 28 Harv. J. on Legis. 401 (1991).

Charles Berger, Equity Without Adjudication: Kansas School Finance Reform and the 1992 School District Finance and Quality Performance Act, 27 J.L & Educ. (Jan. 1998).

Jeffrey Scott Berman and Drew Dunphy, Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., Building Plans for Reform: Alabama's School Finance Litigation, (1998), http://www.schoolfunding.info/resource_center/research/judicialalabama.pdf.

Bob Blattner & Paul M. Goldfinger, Revenues And Limits: A Guide To School Finance In California, (School Services of California, 1999).

Susan H. Bitensky, Theoretical Foundations for a Right to Education Under the U.S. Constitution: A Beginning to the End of the National Education Crisis, 86 Nw. U. L. Rev. 550 (1992).

Richard Briffaut, The Role of Local Control in School Finance Reform; 24 Conn. L. Rev. 773, 783 (1992).

Matthew A. Brinell, What Lawrence Brought for "Show and Tell": The Non‑Fundamental Liberty Interest in a Minimally Adequate Education; 25 B.C. Third World L.J. 343 (Spring 2005).

George D. Brown, Binding Advisory Opinions: A Federal Courts Perspective on the State School Finance Decisions, 35 B.C. L. Rev. 543 (1994).

Tomiko Brown‑Nagin, "Broad Ownership" of the Public Schools: An Analysis of the "T‑Formation" Process Model for Achieving Educational Adequacy and Its Implications for Contemporary School Reform Efforts, 27 J.L. & Educ. 343 (1998).

Christina Burnett and Drew Dunphy, Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc. Who's in Control? The Courts, The Legislature and the Public in Colorado's School Finance Debate (1999), http://www.schoolfunding.info/resource_center/research/judicialcolorado.pdf.

Gary Burtless, ed., Does Money Matter: The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success (Brookings Institution Press, 1996).

Percy E. Burrup et. al., Financing Education in a Climate of Change (Allyn and Bacon, 1999).

Erin E. Buzuvist, "A" for effort: evaluating recent state education reform in response to judicial demands for equity and adequacy in New Hampshire and Vermont, Cornell L. Rev. (March 2001).

Stephen Carroll, et al., California's K‑12 Public Schools: How Are They Doing? (Jan. 2005).

Eric P. Christofferson, Rodriguez Reexamined: The Misnomer of "Local Control” and a Constitutional Case for Equitable Public School Funding, 90 Geo. L.J. 2553 (2002).

Diane Cipollone, Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., Defining a 'Basic Education': Equity and Adequacy Litigation in the State of Washington, (1998), http://www.schoolfunding.info/resource_center/research/WASHINGTON.PDF.

Diane Cippolone, Gambling on a Settlement: The Baltimore City Schools Adequacy Litigations, J. Educ. Fin. 24, 87-107 (1998).

Douglas Coate and James VanderHoff, Public School Spending and Student Achievement: The Case of New Jersey, Cato J. 19, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 1999): 85‑99.

Paul N. Courant et al., A Report on School Finance and Educational Reform in Michigan: Midwest Approaches To School Reform 5, in Economic Perspectives (Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Thomas Downes & William Testa Eds., 1995).

Avidan Y. Cover, Is "Adequacy" a More "Political Question" Than "Equality?": The Effect of Standards‑Based Education on Judicial Standards for Education Finance, 11 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 403 (2002).

Sharon Dawes & Anthony M. Cresswell, The Information Dimension of Education Financing Decisions: Data Needs, Systems and Strategies (2004), at New York State Center for School Leadership, http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/csl/2resources.html.

John Dayton, The Judicial‑Political Dialogue: A Comment on Jaffe and Kersch's "Guaranteeing a State Right to a Quality Education", J.L. & Educ., 22, 323‑33 (1993).

John Dayton, When All Else Has Failed: Resolving the School Funding Problem, B.Y.U. Educ. & L.J. 1 (1995).

John Dayton & Anne Dupre, Symposium: School Funding Litigation: Who's Winning the War? 57 Vand. L. Rev. 2351 (Nov. 2004).

Ronald G. Dove Jr., Acorns in a Mountain Pool: The Role of Litigation, Law and Lawyers in Kentucky Education Reform, 17 J. Educ. Fin. 83 (1991).

Thomas A. Downes, Evaluating the Impact of School Finance Reform on the Provision of Public Education: The California Case, Nat'l Tax J. 45, no. 4 (Dec. 1992): 405‑19.

Thomas Downes and Thomas Pogue, Adjusting School Aid Formulas for the Higher Costs of Educating Disadvantaged Students, 47 Nat'l Tax J. 89-110 (March 1994).

Thomas Downes, Richard Dye, & Therese McGuire, Do Limits Matter? Evidence on the Effects of Tax Limitations on Student Performance, J. Urb. Econ. 43 (May 1998), 401-417.

Thomas Downes & David Schoeman, School Finance Reform and Private School Enrollment: Evidence from California, J. Urb. Econ. 43 no. 3, (May 1998), 418-443.

Thomas Downes, School Finance Reform and School Quality: Lessons from Vermont, in Helping Children Left Behind (John Yinger, ed., 2004).

Thomas Downes, What is Adequate? Operationalizing the Concept of Adequacy for New York in Symposium Proceedings 2004, Education Finance and Organization Structure in NYS Schools (David Monk & Jim Wyckoff, eds., Dec. 2004), at http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/csl/2resources.html.

Christopher Dunn, The Looming Judicial Confrontation Over Educational Reform, N.Y.L.J. (July 12, 2004), http://www.nyclu.org/ed_reform_oped_071204.html.

Drew Dunphy, Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., Moving Mountains in the Granite State: Reforming School Finance and Defining Adequacy in New Hampshire, (2001), http://www.schoolfunding.info/resource_center/research/judicialnewhampshire.pdf.

EdSource, A Primer on Proposition 98 (1996), http://www.educationnext.org/20023/30.html.

Education Law Center, Abbott Indicators Summary Report: Union City, New Jersey (Spring 2005), available at http://www.edlawcenter.org/ELCPublic/Publications/PDF/AbbottIndicatorsSummary_UnionCity.pdf.

Education Law Center, Abbott Indicators Summary Report: Camden, New Jersey (Spring 2005) available at http://www.edlawcenter.org/ELCPublic/Publications/PDF/AbbottIndicatorsSummary_Camden.pdf.

Education Law Center, Abbott Indicators Summary Report: Newark, New Jersey (Spring 2005) available at http://www.edlawcenter.org/ELCPublic/Publications/PDF/AbbottIndicatorsSummary_Newark.pdf.

Education Law Center, Abbott Indicators Summary Report: Trenton, New Jersey (Spring 2005), available at http://www.edlawcenter.org/ELCPublic/Publications/PDF/AbbottIndicatorsSummary_Trenton.pdf.

Charles F. Faber, Is Local Control of the Schools Still a Viable Option? 14 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 447 (1991).

Jonathan Feldman, Separation of Power and Judicial Review of Positive Rights Claims: The Role of State Courts in an Era of Positive Government, 24 Rutgers L. Rev. 1057 (1993).

William A. Firestone et al., From Cashbox to Classroom: The Struggle for Fiscal Reform and Educational Change in New Jersey (Teachers College Press, 1997).

William Fischel, How Serrano Caused Proposition 13, 12, no. 4, J.L. & Pol., 624-26 (Fall 1996).

William Fischel, How Judges are Making Public Schools Worse, City Journal (Summer 1998).

Floyd Flake, Panel Two Commentary: Ann. Surv. Am. L. 215 (1998).

Edward B. Foley, Rodriguez Revisted: Constitutional Theory and School Finance; 32 Ga. L. Rev. 475 (1997‑98).

William C. Fowler, ed. Developments in School Finance: 2003 (National Center for Education Statistics, 2004).

Adam Gamoran, American Schooling and Education Inequality: A Forecast for the 21st Century, 74 Soc. Educ. 135 (2001).

Timothy J. Goodspeed, The Relationship Between State Income Taxes and Local Property Taxes: Education Finance in New Jersey, 51 Nat'l Tax J. (June 1998) 219‑38.

Preston Green, Equity, Adequacy and Efficiency in New York City School Finance Litigation, 22 J. Educ. Fin. 88 (1996).

Joshua C. Hall, Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions, School Funding Lessons from New Jersey (2001), http://www.buckeyeinstitute.org/article/352.

Hanif S.P. Hirji, Inequalities in California's Public School System: The Undermining of Serrano v. Priest and the Need for a Minimum Standards System of Education, 32 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 583 (1999).

Eric A. Hanushek, Pseudo-Science and a Sound Basic Education: Voodoo Statistics in New York, 5 Education Next 4 (Fall 2005).

Eric A. Hanushek, Does School Accountability Lead to Improved Student Performance?, 24 J. Pol’y. Analysis & Mgmt. 2 (Spring 2005).

Eric Hanushek, The Impact of Differential Expenditures on School Performance, Educ. Researcher, (May 1989).

Eric A. Hanushek, Making Schools Work: Improving Performance and Controlling Costs (Brookings Institution Press, 1994).

Augustus F. Hawkins, Equity in Education; 28 Harv. J. on Legis. 565 (1991).

Michael Heise, Educational Jujitsu, Education Next, Hoover Institution (2002), http://www.educationnext.org/20023/30.html.

Michael Heise, The Courts, Educational Policy, and Unintended Consequences, 11 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 633 (2002).

Michael Heise, Equal Educational Opportunity and Constitutional Theory: Preliminary Thoughts on the Role of School Choice and the Autonomy Principle, 14 J.L. & Pol. 411 (1998).

Michael Heise, State Constitutions, School Finance Litigation, and the "Third Wave": From Equity to Adequacy, 68 Temp. L. Rev. 1151 (1995).

Michael Heise, Children and Education: Tensions within the Parent‑Child‑State Triad: The Courts, Educational Policy, and Unintended Consequences; 11 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 633 (Summer 2002).

Joseph T. Hence, Financing Public Schools in California: The Aftermath of Serrano v. Priest and Proposition 13, 21 U.S.F. L. Rev. 1, (1986).

Linda Hertert et al., School Financing Inequalities Among the States: The Problem from a National Perspective, 19 J. Econ. Fin. 231, 252 (1994).

Sonya Hoo, Sheila Murray and Kim Rueben, Education Spending and Changing Revenue Sources, The Urban Institute (2006), at http://www.urban.org/publications/1000942.html.

Caroline Hoxby, All School Finance Equalizations Are Not Created Equal, 116 Q. J. OF ECON., 1189, (2001).

Caroline Hoxby, Are Efficiency and Equity in School Finance Substitutes or Complements, 10 J. Econ. Persp. 4 (Fall 1996), 51-72.

Molly A. Hunter, All Eyes Forward: Public Engagement and Educational Reform in Kentucky, 28 J.L. & Educ. 485 (1999).

Molly Hunter, Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., Building on Judicial Intervention: The Redesign of School Facilities Funding in Arizona (2003), http://www.schoolfunding.info/resource_center/research/azFinal6.PDF.

Thomas Husted & Lawrence Kenny, Evidence on the Impact of State Government on Primary and Secondary Education and the Equity‑Efficiency Tradeoff, Journal Of Law And Economics 285‑308 (1991).

Jennifer Imazeki & Andrew Reschovsky, Does No Child Left Behind Place a Fiscal Burden on States? Evidence from Texas, Robert M. LaFollette School of Public Affairs (Univ. of Wisc.-Madison) Working Paper Series No. 2005-006 (Feb. 2005), at http://www.lafollette.wisc.edu/publications/workingpapers/reschovsky2005-006.pdf.

Robert Jensen, Advancing Education through Education Clauses of State Constitutions, BYU Educ. & L.J. (Spring 1997): 1‑48.

Bradley W. Joondeph, The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly: An Empirical Analysis of Litigation Prompted School Finance Reform, 35 Santa Clara L. Rev. 763 (1995).

Stan Karp, Money, Schools, and Justice, Rethinking Schools Online, Fall 2003, Vol.18, No.1 (2003), http://www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/18_01/just181.shtml.

Helen F. Ladd & Janet Hansen, eds., Making Money Matter: Financing America's Schools, (National Academies Press, 1999).

Helen F. Ladd, Rosemary Chalk & Janet S. Hansen, eds. Equity And Adequacy In Education Finance (National Academies Press, 1999).

Robert A. Lawson, Could DeRolph lead to an Ohio tax revolt? The Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions (1997).

Betsy Levin, Equal Educational Opportunity in School Finance Reform: What Went Wrong? Can (Should) It Be Fixed? in Quality Education For All In The 21st Century: Can We Get There From Here? (Russell Lovell, Ed., 1994).

Anna Lukemeyer, Courts as Policymakers: School Finance Reform Litigation (LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2003).

Timothy D. Lynch, Education as a Fundamental Right: Challenging the Supreme Court's Jurisprudence, 26 Hofstra L. Rev. 953 (1998).

Frank J. Macchiarola & Joseph G. Diaz, Disorder in the Courts: The Aftermath of San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez in the State Courts, 30 Val. U.L. Rev. 551 (1996).

Gregory Maggs, Innovation in Constitutional Law: The Right to Education and the Tricks of the Trade; 86 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1038 (1992).

Molly McUsic, The Use of Education Clauses in School Finance Litigation, 28 Harvard J. Legis. 307‑40 (1991).

David H. Monk, Educational Finance: An Economic Approach (McGraw Hill College, 1990).

David H. Monk & Brian O. Bent, Raising Money for Education: A Guide to the Property Tax (Corwin Press, 1997).

Denise C. Morgan, What is Left to Argue in Desegregation Law? The Right to Minimally Adequate Education, 8 Harv. BlackLetter L.J. 99 (1991).

Denise C. Morgan, The New School Finance Litigation: Acknowledging That Race Discrimination in Public Education Is More Than Just a Tort, 96 Nw. U.L. Rev. 99 (2001).

Allen Odden & Lawrence Picus, School Finance: A Policy Perspective (McGraw Hill, 3d ed. 2003).

Allan Odden & Carolyn Busch, Financing Schools for High Performance: Improving the Use of Educational Resources (Jossey-Bass, 1998).

Jennifer M. Palmer, Education Funding: Equality Versus Quality ‑ Must New York's Children Choose? 58 Alb. L. Rev. 917 (Winter, 1995).

Janice Petrovich & Amy Stuart Wells, eds., Bringing Equity Back: Research for a New Era in Educational Policy (Teachers College Press, 2005).

Stewart Pollock, School Finance in the Courts, Ann. Surv. Am. L. 133 (1998).

Michael A. Rebell & Jeffrey P. Metzler, Rapid Response and Radical Reform: The Story of School Finance Litigation in Vermont, 31 J.L. & Educ. 167 (2001).

Michael Rebell & Joseph Wardenski, Of Course Money Matters: Why the Arguments to the Contrary Never Added Up, Campaign for Fiscal Equity (Feb. 2004).

Michael Rebell, Education Adequacy, Democracy and the Courts (2001).

Michael Rebell, Fiscal Equity Litigation and the Democratic Imperative (1998).

Michael Rebell, Panel Three Commentary ‑‑ Rodriguez Revisted: An Optimist's View, Ann. Surv. Am. L. 289 (1998).

Douglas S. Reed, On Equal Terms: The Constitutional Politics of Educational Opportunity (Princeton Univ. Press, 2001).

James E. Ryan, The Influence of Race in School Finance Reform, 98 Mich. L. Rev. 432 (1999).

James E. Ryan, Segregation and School Finance Litigation, 74 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 529 (1999).

Kristen Safier, The Question of a Fundamental Right to a Minimally Adequate Education, 69 U. Cin. L. Rev. 993 (Spring 2001).

Aaron Jay Saiger, Symposium: Theories of Taking the Constitution Seriously Outside the Courts 73 Fordham L.Rev. 1341 (March 2005).

Aaron Jay Saiger, Disestablishing Local School Districts as a Remedy for Educational Inadequacy, 99 Colum. L. Rev. 1830 (1999).
Amy Ellen Schwartz and Leanna Stiefel, Measuring School Efficiency: Lessons from Economics, Implications for Practice, in Improving Educational Productivity, (David H. Monk and Herbert J. Walberg, eds., Information Age Publishing Inc. 2001).

Peter Schrag, Final Test: the Battle for Adequacy in America's Schools (New Press, 2003).

Fabio Silva and Jon Sonstelie, Did Serrano Cause a Decline in School Spending, 48 Nat’l Tax J. 199-215 (June 1995).

Peter S. Smith, Addressing the Plight of Inner City Schools: The Federal Right to Education After Kadrmas v. Dickinson Public Schools, 18 Whittier L. Rev. 825 (1997).

John Sonstelie, UC Santa Barbara Public Policy Institute, Financing Adequate Resources for New York Public Schools (2004), http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/csl/resources/financing_adequate_resources.pdf.

Robert P. Strauss, Reducing New York's Reliance on the School Property Tax, 21 J. Educ. Fin. 123 (1995).

A. Thomas Stubbs, After Rodriguez: Recent Developments in School Finance Reform, 44 Tax Law 313 (1990).

Cass R. Sunstein, The Partial Constitution (Harvard Univ. Press, 1998).

Bill Swinford, Shedding the Doctrinal Security Blanket: How State Supreme Courts Interpret Their State Constitutions in the Shadow of Rodriguez, 67 Temp. L. Rev. 981 (1995).

Neil Theobald & Faith Hanna Ample, Provision for Whom? The Evolution of State Control over School Finance in Washington, 17 J. Of Educ. Fin. 7 (1991).

William E. Thro, A New Approach to State Constitutional Analysis in School Finance Litigation, J.L. & Pol. 525 (1998).

Paul Tractenberg, Reforming School Finance Through State Constitutions: Robinson v. Cahill Points the Way, 27 Rutgers Law Review 365 (1974).

Paul Tractenberg, The Evolution and Implementation of Educational Rights Under the New Jersey Constitution of 1947,” 29 Rutgers L.J. 827 (Summer 1998).

Cora True‑Frost, Beyond Levittown Towards a Quality Education for All Children: Litigating High Minimum Standards for Public Education, The CFE Case, 51 Syracuse L. Rev. 1015 (2001).

Julie Underwood, School Finance Litigation: Legal Theories, Judicial Activism, and Social Neglect, 20 Journal Of Education Finance 143‑62 (1994).

Julie K. Underwood & William K. Sparkman, School Finance Litigation: A New Wave of Reform, 14 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 517 (1991).

Kevin C. Welner, Legal Rights, Local Wrongs: When Communitiy Control Collides with Educational Equity (State Univ. of New York Press, 2001).

Sean Whaley, Education Funding: Garcia Plays Pitchman, Las Vegas Rev. J. (Mar. 15, 2001).

T. Whitney & D. Verstegen, From Courthouses to Schoolhouses: Emerging Judicial Theories of Adequacy and Equity, Educ Pol’y, 11, 3 (Sept. 1997).

Mildred Wigfall, Robinson Financing Adequate Educational Opportunity, 14 J.L. & Pol'y 483 (1998).

R. Craig Wood & David C. Thompson, Education Finance Law: Constitutional Challenges to State Aid Plans ‑‑ An Analysis of Strategies 19 (2d ed. 1996). 1995.